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Elm / Florida
7 years ago Posted in: All, Trees 0
Elm / Florida

Latin Name:

Ulmus americana

Plant Type:     

Tree

Description:

The American Elm, or Ulmus Americana, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, also occurring from Nova Scotia west to southeast Saskatchewan, and also south to Florida and central Texas. Also referred to as White Elm or American White Elm, it’s an extremely hardy tree that is capable of withstanding harsh winters, even in northern and central Canada. Healthy American Elms are known to live for nearly 300 years.

Throughout the years, the American Elm has been widely as a shade tree and street tree because of its graceful, arching, vase-like growth form. It is a visually appealing tree, but its tolerance to stress makes it very self-sufficient. In addition, the cross-grained wood gives the tree’s branches a robust strength that resists breaking. This popular tree has been planted beyond its range as far north as central Alberta, and south to Lake Worth, Florida.

The leaves of an American Elm are alternate, simple, ovate to oblong, 3 to 5 inches long, and 1 to 3 inches wide. They appear sharply doubly serrate, with a conspicuously inequilateral base. The flowers are small, drooping clusters of 3 to 5, and usually appear in early spring before leaf buds open.

The fruit of this elm is rounded, flat, and wafer-like, measuring 3/8 to 1/2 inch across, with a deeply notched apex. They are hairless except for the margin, and ripen in spring. Its bark is ashy gray in color, with flat-topped ridges separated by diamond-shaped fissures. The outer bark, when sectioned, shows distinct, alternating, buff colored and reddish brown patches. When young, the American Elm is usually quite spongy.

Uses:

Firewood, Aggressive surface roots possible, Specimen, Street tree

Foliage:

Yes

Flowering:

No

Fragrant:

No

Lighting Needs:

Partial Shade, Partial Sun to Full Sun

Soil Type:

Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy, Neutral, Sandy, Slightly alkaline, Well drained

Flower Color:

Green

Growth Rate:

Fast

Hardiness Zones:

3a to 9b

Height:

1079

Width:

720

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