3 Gallon
Croton / Various Color
7 years ago Posted in: 3 Gallon, All 0
Croton / Various Color

Latin Name:

CODIAEUM

Plant Type:

Shrub

Description:

Brilliant foliage in reds, yellows and greens on bushes easily maintained to reasonable size by pruning.

Uses:

Border, Container, Foundation, Hedge, Massing, Specimen

Origin:

Southern India, Sri Lanka

Environment:

Suitable for the home or a greenhouse

Foliage:

Yes

Flowering:

No

Fragrant:

No

Growing Ease:

Requires a little extra care

Temperature:

60-85°F, 16-29°C

Humidity:

High humidity

Lighting Needs:

Does best in full sunlight coming from the South/West

Soil Type:

Use a GOOD rich potting soil (a soil that retains water yet drains well), such as an African violet mix. If you want to mix your own take: 2 parts coarse sand or perlite, 3 parts peat, 2 parts humus (leaf mold) Always use a pot with a hole.

Watering:

Keep the soil barely moist and if you use rainwater, be careful as it could be acidic. Use warm water.

Fertilizer:

Feed every two weeks when young with a water soluble fertilizer diluted by half. When mature, fertilize weekly with an undiluted water soluble fertilizer. An alternative is a granular slow release fertilizer if applied annually in the early spring.

Plant Pests:

Prone to spider mites, mealy bugs, scale and thrips. Always inspect any new plant for pests before introducing it to your home or greenhouse.

Propagation:

Stem cuttings and air-layering in the spring through summer. Early to Late Summer It is best to propagate any type of cuttings in a mixture of moist peat and perlite. Cover the pot and plant with a plastic bag secured by a rubber band to prevent the moisture from escaping. Place in indirect sunlight or under a fluorescent light. Repot in its regular mix after it has been growing for a while. To air-layer a plant, take a sharp knife and cut half way through the stem about a foot down from the top. Put a toothpick in the wound sideways, wrap wet sphagnum moss and a plastic bag around the wound secured by either rubber bands or tape. When roots form, cut off below the roots and plant.

Gardening Tips & Care:

Plant is poisonous if ingested. Do not keep around children. Mist frequently with warm water (lime free to avoid leaf staining) and wash leaves regularly but be careful as the sap will stain! Place pebbles or gravel in the drainage dish to hold water and increase the humidity, make sure the pot is sitting on the gravel and not in the water. Pinch back occasionally.

Is Genus:

Yes

Flower Color:

White

Growth Rate:

Slow

Hardiness Zones:

10b to 11a

Height:

48-72

Width:

36-72

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